ARTISTS & WRITERS
ALEXANDER ARCHIPENKO (1887-1964)
Archipenko was born in Kiev, Russia, where he studied art before moving to Paris in 1909. Part of the cubist movement, his work is exhibited in many major museums.
COUNTEE CULLEN (1903-1946)
Raised in Harlem by the Reverend Frederick Ashbury Cullen, Countee became a poet whose writings gained renown during the Harlem Renaissance. His works were published in literary magazines including The Crisis and Opportunity.
ELIZABETH COCHRANE SEAMAN “NELLIE BLY” (1864 – 1922)
At the age of nineteen, Elizabeth broke into journalism with an indignant letter to the editor of the Pittsburgh Dispatch protesting an anti-suffrage editorial. After testing her on freelance assignments, the editor gave her a job as a reporter. She chose the by-line “Nelly Bly,” after the Stephen Foster song. She became America’s first investigative reporter, becoming famous for her undercover story on the condition of Mental Institutions for Joseph Pulitzer’s The World.
Nast was a cartoonist and illustrator who created what is typically considered the classic image of Santa Claus for Harper’s magazine in 1863. He was well known for his political cartoons and was responsible for the creation of the Republican elephant and Democrat donkey mascots.