Women of Woodlawn
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Elizabeth Cady Stanton
DIANA BARRYMORE (1921-1960) Chapel Hill
The only child of the short, tempestuous marriage of actor John Barrymore
to poet Blanche Oelrichs (a.k.a. Michael Strange), Barrymore studied
at the American Academy of the Dramatic Arts, then began her career
in summerstock and in a traveling company of Sutton Vane's Outward Bound
starring Laurette Taylor. Barrymore's Broadway debut was in Romantic
Mr. Dickens (1940), an eight-performance flop; roles in George S. Kaufman
and Edna Ferber's The Land is Bright (1941), Zoe Akins' adaptation of
Daphne Du Maurier's Rebecca (1945), and Agatha Christie's Hidden Horizon
(1946) followed. She documented her life in her autobiography Too Much,
NORA BAYES (1880-1928) Sassafras
Born Dora Goldberg, Bayes made her Broadway debut in The Rogers Brothers
in Washington (1901). In The Ziegfeld Follies of 1908, she introduced
the song Shine On Harvest Moon, which she co-wrote with the second of
her five husbands. In addition to being one of the highest paid performers
of her time-and being a producer and owner of a theatre she named for
herself-Bayes was famed for her ability to popularize a song. Indeed,
George M. Cohan chose Bayes to introduce his World War I song, Over
There, in The Cohan Revue of 1918. Among her other eight Broadway credits
was Little Miss Fix-It (1911), Maid in America (1915), Ladies First
(1918), and Queen O' Hearts (1922).
LAURA JOYCE BELL (1858-1904) Hillside
A star of "light opera" trained at the Royal Academy of Music
in London, Bell starred in many Gilbert and Sullivan productions including
H.M.S Pinafore, The Pirates of Penzance and The Mikado. She married
comic baritone Digby Bell and the pair appeared together with McCaull's
Opera Comique Company. Her last Broadway performance was in Mr. Pickwick
ALVA ERSKINE BELMONT (1853-1933) Whitewood.
Born in Alabama, she joined New York Society after her marriage to William
Kissam Vanderbilt. She shocked the social world in 1895 when she divorced
Vanderbilt and married Oliver Hazzard Perry Belmont. After her husband
died in 1908, Alva emerged as a militant feminist and reformer. She
not only financed many facets of the movement but also wrote articles,
marched in parades and organized rallies. As founder and president of
the Political Equality League she reached out to striking shirtwaist
workers in 1909-10 and helped to forge links between the middle class
suffragists and organized labor.
She entered the suffrage movement as a member of the National American
Woman Suffrage Association, she joined the Congressional Union, Alice
Paul's more militant group when it came into existence in 1913. She
served on its board and on that of its successor, the National Woman's
IRENE BENTLEY (Smith) (1870-1940) Arbutus
She made her first appearance on the state at Palmer's Theatre in Little
Christopher. She starred in numerous productions at the Casino, including:
The Rounders, The Wild Rose, and The Mimic World. Her husband, Harry
Bach Smith, wrote lyrics for the music of Victor Herbert.
AMELIA BINGHAM (1869-1927) Crown Grove North
Born in Hicksville, Ohio, Bingham began her career on the west coast
in a company headed by McKee Rankin. In 1892 she came to New York and
appeared in a series of melodramas: The Struggle of Life, The Power
of Gold, and A Man Among Men. She decided to become an actress-manager
and her first major success was in Clyde Fitch's The Climbers (1901).
BIRLEANNA BLANKS (Cunningham) 1889-1968 Cosmos
Half American Indian and half African American, Birleana Blanks was
one of the first generation of African Americans to star in the musical
comedy theater. Before 1920, she toured the vaudeville circuit teamed
with her sister as a singing and dancing act. She then sang in a whole
series of musical comedies at the Lafayette Theater in Harlem beginning
with "Over the Top" in 1919 and then in other theaters in
the mid 1920s.
MARIA KRAUS BOLTE (1836-1918) Hillside
Marie Kraus Boelte was one of the founders of the kindergarten movement
in the United States. Born in Germany, she became interested in the
work of Friedrich Froebel, who is best known as the originator of the
'kindergarten system.' Froebel's sought to encourage the creation of
educational environments that involved practical work and the direct
use of materials In 1877 she published The Kindergarten Guide with her
husband John Kraus,. She was president of the National Education Association's
Kindergarten Department (1899-1900) and instrumental in gaining collegiate
recognition of the kindergarten and taught the first college course
on the subject in 1903 at NYU.
MARIE BONFANTI (1847- 1921) Dahlia
As a 14-year-old, Marie made her debut as a prima ballerina italiana
at the Teatro alla Scala in Milan and in 1866 she danced her premiere
New York performance at Niblo's Garden in The Black Crook. The White
Fawn, Robinson Crusoe, Life, Donna Juanita, The Children in the Wood,
Aladdin, Sardanapalus, and The Merry War and The Arabian Nights were
some of her other stage vehicles. In the 1880s Marie returned to classical
ballet to dance in the ballet divertissements of grand operas both at
the Metropolitan Opera and in Europe. In the 1890s she opened a ballet
school in New York.
ANNA CHARLOTTE (Lynch) BOTTA (1815-1891) Forest
She was known as the hostess of New York's leading literary salon. Her
salon was popular with genuine celebrities such as Poe, William Cullen
Bryant, Emerson, Trollope, Thackery and Matthew Arnold because she did
not lionize them or use them as rungs on the social ladder. Instead,
she showed a genuine interest in their work and an astute critical sense.
"BRICKTOP" (Ada Duconge) 1895-1984 Zinnia R32 G74
She was a legendary singer and nightclub owner known for entertaining
the "rich, famous and talented" in her Paris, Rome and Mexico
City jazz clubs. Cole Porter wrote "Miss Otis Regrets" especially
for her. Among her patrons were Noel Coward, the Duke of Windsor, Cole
Porter, Ernest Hemingway, Josephine Baker and Duke Ellington.
MARY RHINELANDER CALLENDAR (1848-1919) Evergreen
She inherited a fortune from the Rhinelander family and used her wealth
to promote the arts. She sponsored young women seeking musical education
and became famous in the 1890's as a hostess at musicales in the Tiffany
Studio building apartments where the most distinguished artists of the
IRENE CASTLE (1893-1969) Parkview
During the jazz age, the Castles traveled the world demonstrating a
new way to dance. The Fox Trot, Castle Walk and other syncopated dances
became the rage as they set the style for the emerging century. Orchestra
leader James Reese Europe often provided the music for the dance team
as they swirled to the music of W.C. Handy and other great composers.
CARRIE CHAPMAN CATT (1859-1947) Primrose
At the turn of the century, Catt became a leader of the suffrage movement.
When Susan B. Anthony retired as the president of the National American
Woman Suffrage Association in 1900, she chose Catt as her replacement.
Between and 1920 the women's movement was engaged in the final drive
for suffrage. Mrs. Catt spearheaded the effort to pass a Federal suffrage
amendment. Her weapons were petitions, testimony, lobbying, cooperation
with the party in power, and proving women's loyalty and worthiness
in all arenas. After the passage of the Constitution Amendment in 1920,
she established the League of Women Voters.
LOTTA CRABTREE (1847-1924) Juniper
Born in New York, the child star became famous after moving to California
at the age of six. Tutored by the great Lola Montez, she learned to
sing and dance and became the toast of San Francisco and the rough mining
camps of California. When she began her own theatre company in 1870,
she commissioned plays to be created around her child like stage personality.
She became the most highly paid actress in the country. Having amassed
a fortune, she retired at the age of forty-three. It is estimated that
she left an estate of $4 million dollars when she died in 1924. She
never married and is buried next to her mother.
CELIA CRUZ (1925-2003) Walnut
The "Queen of Salsa" was born in Cuba, leaving her native
land in 1959 following the take over of Fidel Castro. For over fifty
years she performed with the most celebrated bands; her most enduring
performances were with "El Maestro," the legendary Tito Puente.
This Grammy winning artist was also known for her flashy stage costumes,
colorful wigs and signature catch line "Azucaaar!" (Sugar).
ANNA F. DE KOVEN (1869-1953) Golden Rod
The daughter of a Senator, Anna Farwell De Koven became an author and
poet. She wrote historical works such as the Life and Letters of John
Paul Jones, Women in the Cycles of Culture and Les Comtes de Gruyre
as well as novels such as By the Waters of Babylon. In addition she
wrote an autobiography, a psychic work and poetry. She lived to be 92.
GERTRUDE EDERLE (1906-2003) Arbutus
Born in New York, Gertrude Ederle was the first woman to swim the English
Channel. In 1926 at the age of 19, she swam from France to England.
Ederle took 14 hours and 39 minutes to complete the thirty five mile
swim. She broke the previous record and her time stood as the women's
record for thirty-five years. Over the course of her career she won
numerous medals including Olympic gold in 1924.
CLARA FISHER (Maeder) (1811-1898) Elm
She was a London born child prodigy who began performing at the age
of six. In 1827 she made her debut in New York and was a sensation.
In her later years she appeared with various stock companies, including
those of Augustin Daly.
LOUELLA GEAR (1899-1980) Hemlock
For many decades, the notable New Yorker brought her acid, knowing style
of comedy to roles in: The Gold Diggers, Life Begins at 8:40, Gay Divorce,
and Sabrina Fair.
MARY STILLMAN HARKNESS (1874-1950) Golden Rod
Mary Stillman was born into the Rockefeller family and in 1904 married
Edward Harkness, the son of an original Standard Oil partner. In 1907
they purchased 'Eolia' a two hundred acre estate in Waterford, CT From
1920 to 1943, Mrs. Harkness sponsored a camp for polio stricken children
on the property. The estate is now the site of the Harkness Music Festival
and the Eugene O'Neill theater school. During Edward's lifetime the
couple donated over $100,000,000 to various charities. The Metropolitan
Museum of Art and Yale University were recipients of many literary and
artistic treasures from Mrs. Harkness. Some of her larger donations
include the Harkness dormitory and Chapel at Connecticut College, a
convalescent home in Port Chester, and the Edward Harkness Memorial
Hall at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center.
MARY GARRETT HAY (1857-1928) Primrose
Before she was thirty, she was heading a department of the national
Women's Christian Temperance Union. She joined the suffrage movement
to advance cooperation between the two movements. She soon advanced
to state office in the suffrage movement and met Carrie Chapman Catt,
who was then organizing Western women to campaign for suffrage amendments
within their states. She became president of the state Federation of
Women's Clubs. She brought them into the suffrage camp. She worked the
trade unions and undermined Tammany's opposition to women's suffrage.
Her attention to detail and her organization of parades and street rallies
helped to pass the suffrage amendment in New York in 1917
HILDA HAYNES (1912-1986) Iris
She began her acting career on Broadway and eventually became known
for her work in motion pictures and television. Haynes appeared in Diary
of a Mad Housewife, The River Niger and The Boy in the Plastic Bubble.
Throughout the 1970's she played characters in several successful television
programs including: Sanford and Son, Dynasty, Good Times and Starsky
ADELAIDE HERRMANN (1854-1932) Oak Hill
Known as "The Queen of Magic", Adelaide Herrmann worked for
years as her husband's assistant and then continued to tour as a lead
act following his death in 1896. She was one of the few women to perform
the "bullet catching" trick.
MALVINA HOFFMAN (1887 -1966) Elder
In the decade prior to World War II, Malvina Hoffman was the most renowned
woman sculptor in the United States. She studied sculpture with Auguste
Rodin in Paris and by 1915 achieved some fame with bronzes of Russian
dancers. While in Paris she came into the circle of significant artists
such as Brancussi, Paderewski, Anna Pavlowa, Gertrude Stein and Claude
Monet, many of whom she would capture in bronze. Her sculptures can
be seen at the New York Historical Society and at the Bronx Hall of
BARBARA HUTTON (1912 - 1972) Pine
During her life, Barbara Hutton, an heiress to the Woolworth five and
dime fortune, was seldom out of the headlines. She was a troubled 'poor
little rich girl' whose marital exploits provided fodder for the press
but little real satisfaction for her. On the death of her mother, Edna
Woolworth, Barbara inherited over $20m. She was five. After a protected
childhood, she made formal and very lavish bows to society in New York
and London and then married Prince Alexis Mdivani at the age of twenty.
He would be the first of her seven husbands, all of who were not American
and four of who were minor royalty. Her most famous husband was actor
ANNA HYATT HUNTINGTON (1876 - 1973) Magnolia
Born in Boston, Anna Hyatt began exhibiting her sculpture in 1900 at
the age of 24. She is well known for her statues of animals; among her
works are the statue of Joan of Arc on Riverside Drive and the life
sized animal portraits at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine. Her
work is represented in the collections of more than 200 museums, parks
and gardens. She married Archer Huntington, adopted son of the railroad
magnate Collis Huntington.. They generously gave funds to establish
museums such as the Hispanic Society in America located on Broadway
MAY HOWARD JACKSON (1877-1931) Arbutus
She was the first African American to attend the Pennsylvania Academy
of Fine Arts, where she studied from 1895-1902. As a sculptor, she maintained
an art studio and taught at Howard University. She did portrait busts
of W.E.B. Dubois and Paul Lawrence Dunbar in addition to sculpting abstract
portraits depicting the physiognomy of African Americans.
MOLLIE KING (1898-1981) Butternut
Silent film actress and Broadway performer often performed with her
very successful brother, actor Charles King. She married a wealthy Kentucky
distiller and horse breeder, Kenneth Alexander and later married Thomas
MIRIAM FLORENCE LESLIE (1836-1914) Spring Lake
In 1873, writer Miriam Follin married publisher Frank Leslie. In 1877,
after a well publicized trip to California, which provided the basis
for Miriam's well regarded study of the West, A Pleasure Trip from Gotham
to the Golden Gate, the Leslie's found themselves deeply in debt. When
Frank Leslie died in 1880, he left a bankrupt business to his wife.
Miriam took charge of the business and borrowed $50,000 to pay the debts.
She took on the name Frank Leslie and reorganized the business. Her
editorial policy was "The public shall have the newest news,"
and used women extensively because she felt that women were "born
disseminators of news." She was successful in bringing new life
and financial health to the organization, and for the next fifteen years
reigned as "The Empress of Journalism."
ETHEL LEVEY (1881-1955) Webster
Although she appeared in numerous theatre revues, Ethel Levey was best
known as the first wife of George M. Cohan. From 1901 to 1907 she appeared
in several Cohan productions including Little Johnny Jones and Running
for Office. She performed on European stages and traveled all across
MARIE MATTINGLY MELONEY (1878-1943) Hillside
A second generation journalist, Marie Mattingly's first journalistic
job was as a reporter with the Washington Post. At the age of eighteen,
she was already the chief of the Washington bureau of the Denver Post.
In 1914 she became editor of the Woman's Magazine and later the Delineator.
In 1926 she became editor of the Sunday magazine of the New York Herald
Tribune and in 1935 she helped found the Tribune's This Week Sunday
magazine that eventually reached a circulation of six million.
ALICE MANELICK (Flagler) (1875-1918) Whitewood
Alice Manelick was a famous contralto before her marriage to John Haldane
Flagler, the founder of the National Tube Company, which was later merged
into U.S. Steel. It is said that she won her husband's affections by
her rendering of the "Flower Song" from Faust. At the time
of their marriage he was over fifty and she was twenty-two; he was worth
more than $22m. At her funeral the Governor was a pallbearer. Convicts
at Sing Sing sent a floral tribute.
MARTHA (Erlich) MANSFIELD (1899-1923) Myosotis
Born in New York, she was a Ziegfeld girl and then went to Hollywood
appearing opposite John Barrymore in Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde (1920).
Her life came to a tragic end when a burning cigarette caught her hoop
skirt on fire when on location filming The Warrens of Virginia.
ELISABETH MARBURY (1856-1933) Prospect
She was the daughter of a prominent New York attorney and early in her
career she was encouraged by Daniel Frohman to become a literary agent.
Her client list included: Oscar Wilde, Somerset Maugham, Sir James Barrie,
Clyde Fitch, and Jerome Kern. She is credited as being the first agent
to negotiate a percentage of the box office proceeds for her clients.
She was very involved in politics and the Democratic National Committee;
Eleanor Roosevelt attended her funeral.
QUEENA MARIO (Tillotson) (1891-1951) Syringa
A renowned opera singer and voice coach, Queena Mario made her debut
at the Metropolitan Opera in 1922. During the later part of her opera
career and thereafter, she became one of the nation' s premier voice
teachers. In 1934, despite the demands of her opera and teaching careers,
she began a successful writing career: this time as a writer of mystery
fiction. Her characters in books like Murder Meets Mephisto were opera
performers and their entourages and her backgrounds were opera and opera
MARILYN MILLER (O'Brien) (1898-1936) Heather
Marilyn Miller, who was best known as a musical comedy actress, made
her stage debut at the age of four when she joined the family Vaudeville
act, "The Columbian Trio." She was "discovered"
at a London nightclub in 1913 by Lee Shubert and appeared in The Passing
Show of 1914. From the first, the beautiful golden haired Miller "brought
dreams of youth and beauty into the dusty hearts of millions."
She then came under the management of Florenz Ziegfeld who headlined
her in his Follies of 1918 and Sally in which she stopped the show with
"Look for the Silver Lining." During the twenties she headlined
in a number of blockbuster musical comedies including Rosalie, Smiles,
and As Thousands Cheer. She starred in three movies in the late twenties
and brought to them the same freshness, flair and opulence she brought
to the stage. She died at age 36 six of an infection that began in her
FLORENCE MILLS (Thompson) (1895-1927) Arbutus
Known as the "Queen of Happiness", she was among the most
popular entertainers in the 1920's. Mills was a singer, dancer, and
vaudevillian who starred in several productions in New York and London.
Duke Ellington wrote "Black Beauty" as a tribute to Mills.
Six carloads of flowers were brought to her grave; Ethel Waters was
an honorary pall bearer and James Weldon Johnson attended the service.
Over 10,000 people paid tribute to her at the funeral chapel and when
she was laid to rest a plane flew over The Woodlawn Cemetery dropping
rose petals on her grave.
RUTH ROWLAND NICHOLS (1901-1960) Oak Hill
Ruth Nichols was the holder of a host of aviation firsts and records:
besting Charles Lindberg's transcontinental speed record (1930); establishing
a new women's flight altitude record (1935); creating a new women's
flight speed record (1930); establishing a new women's flight distance
record; and becoming the first woman pilot for a commercial airline.
A graduate of the Masters School and Wellesley College, she was as "the
Flying Debutante." Nichols helped found the Long Island Aviation
Country Club, participated in the Sportsman Air Tour, founded Sportsman
Pilot magazine, organized Relief Wings, a humanitarian air service for
disaster relief during World War II, and organized a mission of support
PERRY, ANTOINETTE "TONI" (Freueauff) (1888-1946) Hickory
Tony Perry first won fame as an actress in her native Denver, but retired
from the stage during the years of a happy marriage. She returned to
the stage upon the death of her husband in 1922, and later enjoyed success
as a Broadway producer and director. In 1947, in commemoration of her
service, the American Theatre Wing inaugurated its annual presentation
of "Tony's" for Broadway performances, staging, directing
and other achievement.
A'LELIA ROBINSON (Walker) (1885-1931) Butternut
The only daughter of Madam C.J. Walker used her inherited wealth to
promote art and culture during the Harlem Renaissance. Among A'Lelia
Robinson's circle of friends were Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen and
Carl Van Vechten. She served as the patron for many struggling young
black artists and writers.
ELIZAABETH COCHRAN SEAMAN "Nellie Bly" (1864-1922) Honeysuckle
At the age of nineteen, Elizabeth broke into journalism with an indignant
letter to the editor of the Pittsburgh Dispatch protesting an anti suffrage
editorial. After testing her on freelance assignments, the editor gave
her a job as a reporter. She chose the by-line "Nelly Bly,"
after the Stephen Foster song. She became America's first investigative
reporter, becoming famous for her undercover story on the condition
of Mental Institutions for Joseph Pulitzer's The World.
CAROLINE SIEDLE (1859-1908) Dogwood
At the time of her death, this well known designer was the property
master at the Metropolitan Opera House. She had designed costumes for
many musical comedies including: The Parisian Model, Dream City, Babes
in Toyland, and The Wizard of Oz.
RUTH BROWN SNYDER (1894-1928) Arbutus
In 1927, Ruth Snyder was tried and convicted for the murder of her husband
Albert. Although she claimed her lover Judd Gray was the actual killer,
Ruth was sentenced to death in the electric chair. At the moment of
execution, a reporter from the Daily News took a picture of Ruth Snyder
with a camera he had strapped to his leg. The photo was printed on the
front page of the paper and is one of the most famous photos in the
history of photojournalism.
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON (1815-1902) Lake
Elizabeth Cady Stanton led America's first suffrage movement and was
an articulate advocate for a whole panoply of other successful reforms
that improved the lives of all Americans. "In an era of outspoken
reformers, she was an innovative and radical thinker." (Griffith)
In addition to suffrage, she advocated coeducation, girl's sports, job
training, equal wages, labor unions, birth control, cooperative nurseries
and kitchens, property rights for wives, child custody rights for mothers,
and reform of divorce laws. Many in her generation thought of her as
a revolutionary rather than a reformer.
WINIFRED SACKVILLE STONER (1883 - 1931) Primrose
Winifred Stoner was the founder of three schools of "Natural Education,"
which used the techniques that Mrs. Stoner had employed to teach her
daughter Winifred Jr. who had become known as a child genius. Mrs. Stoner
was an advocate of the idea that learning should be fun, exciting and
appealing to all the senses. In addition to educating her daughter,
Mrs. Stoner was publishing books of verse and local history. In 1916
her educational techniques and games were published in a Manual of Natural
IDA STRAUS (1849-1 912) Myosotis
Ida and Isidor Straus were returning from a trip to the Riviera aboard
the maiden voyage of the Titanic when it hit an iceberg in the North
Atlantic. When the lifeboats were being loaded, Ida was almost persuaded
to go on boat No. 8, but at the last minutes turned around and handed
her fur coat to her maid and placed her in the boat. She told the bystanders
that she had been with her husband for many years in life and would
stay with him now. When Isidor was offered a place in a boat he also
refused to go when other younger men could not. When last seen by witnesses,
the Strauses were standing on the deck holding each other in a tight
embrace.They were honored at a large memorial service that drew over
6,000 people to Carnegie Hall. Since her death, Ida Strauss has often
been lauded for her brave, selfless and loyal act
LAURETTE (Manners) TAYLOR (1884-1946) Clover
As a teenager, Laurette Cooney made her stage debut in Vaudeville. In
1901, after her marriage to Charles Taylor, she played in a series of
melodramas he had written for her, but she did not become a star until
she triumphed in a supporting role in Alias Jimmy Valentine (1910) written
by Hartley Manners. After appearing in a number of other Manners' plays,
she made theatrical history in Peg O' My Heart, which Manners wrote
for her as a betrothal present. She triumphed as Amanda Wingfield in
the original production of The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams.
OLIVE THOMAS (Pickford) (1898-1920) Wintergreen
Olive burst on the New York scene when she won a "Most Beautiful
Girl in New York" contest sponsored by the famous illustrator Howard
Chandler Christy. A partner of Christy, Harrison Fisher, recommended
her to Florenz Ziegfeld, who launched her career as a Follies beauty.
In 1916, she married Jack Pickford, silent film star and brother of
Mary Pickford. While on a second honeymoon in Paris, Olive Thomas mistakenly
drank mercury biochloride and died five days later. Pickford went on
to marry stage star Marilyn Miller who is also buried at Woodlawn. Pickford
died in 1927 and is buried in California.
MADAM C.J. WALKER (1867-1919) Butternut
Through her hair treatment and cosmetics business, Sarah Breedlove Walker
became the richest self-made woman in America. She began selling her
products door to door, eventually establishing a major corporation in
Indianapolis, and moving to New York where she built her beautiful Irvington
estate, "Villa Lewaro." Madam Walker was generous to many
charities, donating funds to preserve the Frederick Douglass home as
a museum, funding scholarships at the Tuskegee Institute and supporting
the efforts of the NAACP.
GERTRUDE VANDERBILT WHITNEY (1875- 1942) Lake View
Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney was the great-granddaughter of Commodore
Cornelius Vanderbilt. Although active in New York society and charitable
causes, Mrs. Whitney was known primarily as a sculptor and patron of
the arts. Shortly after her marriage to Harry Payne Whitney, the financier,
she began to devote herself to her art and studied sculpture with among
others Auguste Rodin, whose influence was obvious in her later work.
Her early work includes the "Aztec Fountain" (1912) for the
Pan American Union Building and the Titanic Memorial (1914), both in
Washington, D.C., and a number of memorial pieces inspired by her hospital
work near the battlefields during World War I, including the "Washington
Heights War Memorial"(1921) in New York City. Other works include
"The Spirit of the Red Cross" (1923) in Washington, D.C.,
the "Fountain of El Dorado" in San Francisco, the "Saint-Nazaire
Monument in Saint-Nazaire France (1924) and the "Columbus Memorial"
(1928-33) in Palos Spain and the bronze statue of Peter Stuyvesant in
Stuyvesant Park New York (1941).
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