Notable People

Ruth Rowland NicholsThousands of visitors come to Woodlawn Cemetery each year to see the monuments and mausoleums designed by the nation’s most accomplished architects, landscape designers and sculptors. Individuals, families and groups walk our grounds searching for the final resting places of many historic figures including artists & writers, civic leaders, entrepreneurs, great entertainers and jazz musicians.

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Hispanic Heritage Month

Caribbean Heritage Month

Honoring Our Veterans

Jazz Appreciation Month

Women’s History

Black History

Architects

Architects

Carrère and Hastings: Carrère, John Merven (1858-1911) and Hastings, Thomas (1860-1929)
The New York architectural firm of Carrère and Hastings specialized in Beaux-Arts design. The firm established its estimable reputation with the design of one of its earliest works, the Ponce de Leon Hotel at St. Augustine, Florida. Its additional achievements include the New York Public Library at Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street, and the Henry Clay Frick house and Grand Army Plaza, also in Manhattan. The firm’s Woodlawn designs include the Borden Memorial (1904) and the Arata (1910) and Julius Stein (1926) mausoleums.

Lutyens, Sir Edwin (1869-1944)
Lutyens was a British architect born in London. He designed his early houses in the informal manner of the English Free School. Lutyens was knighted in 1918, received the Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) in 1921, and was made president of the Royal Academy in 1938. His Woodlawn work comprises the James Keltas Hackett Monument (1927).

McKim, Mead & White: McKim, Charles Follen (1847-1909); Mead, William Ruth (1846-1928); White, Stanford (1853-1906)
The renowned New York architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White employed the High Renaissance style for many public buildings including the Boston Public Library, and the Knickerbocker Bank and Morgan Library in New York. The firm designed twelve works at Woodlawn including the Goelet (1897), Osborn (1894), Russell (1894) and Taylor (1900) mausoleums and the Wolcott (1906), Twombly (1896) and Whitney (1896) memorials.

Pope, John Russell (1874-1937)
Pope was a New York-based architect known for his classical design style. His most distinguished works include the National Archives, National Gallery of Art, and the Jefferson Memorial, all in Washington, D.C. Pope’s Woodlawn work comprises the Francis P. Garvan (1930), Leeds (1910), and William C. Stewart (1914) mausoleums.

Rogers, James Gamble (1867-1947)
Some of Rogers’s most famous work includes the Gothic designs of the Memorial Quadrangle and Harkness Tower at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. Among his other works are the Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center and the Butler Library of Columbia University in New York; the post office in New Haven, Connecticut; and the Deering Library of Northwestern University in Chicago. His Woodlawn work includes the Edward Harkness Chapel Mausoleum (1924), the Straus (1928) and James N. Hill (1930) mausoleums and the Millie S. Kuhn Memorial (1938).

Trowbridge, Samuel Breck Parkman (1862-1925)
Among Trowbridge’s commissions were the B. Altman Building in New York, the Palace Hotel in San Francisco and the Mellon National Bank in Pittsburgh. Trowbridge’s firm designed his Woodlawn memorial (1925), and the William Porter (1927) and Lynn (1924) mausoleums.

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Landscape Designers

Landscape Designers

Farrand, Beatrix Jones (1872-1959)
One of the founding members of the American Society of Landscape Architects, Farrand referred to herself as a “landscape gardener.” Her best-known surviving work is at Dumbarton Oaks in Washington, D.C. Her Woodlawn projects include the Harkness Memorial Garden (1927) and the Milliken Memorial (1949).

Leavitt , Charles Wellford, Jr. (1871-1928)
In 1897, Leavitt started his own firm in New York, calling himself a “landscape engineer.” His commissions included many civic projects including parks, cemeteries and college campuses. Among the projects he designed and construction-supervised were the Belmont, Empire City, Saratoga, Sheepshead Bay and Toronto race tracks. Leavitt designed the cemetery’s main gates and entrance at Webster Avenue (ca. 1900) as well as the Egyptian Revival garden for the Jules Bache Mausoleum (1916).

Olmsted Brothers: Olmsted, Fredrick Law, Jr. (1870-1959) and Olmsted, John Charles (1852-1920)
The Olmsted Brothers followed in the footsteps of their father, Frederick Law Olmsted, Sr. (FLO, Sr.), who is largely credited with establishing the first full-scale professional office for landscape architects in the United States. They worked on the McMillan Commission, designing many Washington, D.C., landmarks including the White House grounds, the Federal Triangle, the Jefferson Memorial, Roosevelt Island and Rock Creek Parkway. Their Woodlawn lot designs include those of Frederick Constable (1905) and Ernest Stauffen (1922).

Shipman , Ellen Biddle (1869-1950)
Shipman thought of landscape architecture as an art. Her most famous works include Rynwood, the Samuel Salvage estate in Glen Head, New York, and Penwood, the Carl Tucker estate in Mount Kisco, New York. Lake Shore Boulevard in Grosse Pointe, Michigan, and Aetna Life in  Hartford, Connecticut, are examples of her non-residential commissions. Shipman designed the landscapes for the James Keltas Hackett (1927), Benjamin Arnold (1909) and Millie Kuhn (1938) mausoleums.

Sidney , James C. (c.1819-1881)
Sidney is best known for his work on Philadelphia’s first rural cemetery, Laurel Hill, as well as on the city’s Fairmount Park. His initial layout for The Woodlawn Cemetery resulted in a “striking, romantic landscape.” In 1863, Sidney was hired by the cemetery’s trustees to prepare a marketing plan in the tradition of rural cemeteries that included a curvilinear road system, plots, a receiving tomb, a central lake and entrances.

Vitale, Ferruccio (1875-1933), including A.F. Brinkerhoff and Alfred Geiffert
Vitale was born in Florence, Italy, where he received training in engineering at the Royal Military Academy of Modena. His most famous projects include the Anthony Campagna estate in Riverdale, New York, Clarence Dillion’s residence in Far Hills, NJ, and the Zalman G. Simmons residence in Greenwich, Connecticut.

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Sculptors

Sculptors

Adams, Herbert (1858-1945)
Adams’s statues include those of William Cullen Bryant in Bryant Park, New York; seated figures of Marshal and Ranney at the Cleveland Court House; and the McMillan Fountain in Washington D.C. Adams’ Woodlawn work comprises the bronze door of the Collis Huntington Mausoleum (1932).

Aiken, Robert Ingersoll (1878-1949)
Born in San Francisco, Aitken studied in the West, eventually moving to Paris to work. He is best known for creating the West Pediment of the Supreme Court in Washington, DC. Aitken’s Woodlawn works comprise the bronze door for the John W. Gates Mausoleum (1914) and the sculpture at the Anna B. Bliss Memorial (1917).

Bartlett, Paul Wayland (1865-1925)
Bartlett was a sculptor and painter. Some of his works include the General Joseph Warren statue in Boston; the Equestrian Statue of Lafayette in the Louvre, Paris; and the Christopher Columbus statue in Washington, D.C. Bartlett’s work at Woodlawn comprises the bronze door for the Clark Mausoleum (ca. 1897).

Farnham, Sally James (1869-1943)
Farnham was a sculptor who exhibited at the 1925 Annual Exhibition of the National Academy of Design in New York. Farnham’s Woodlawn work comprises the Irene and Vernon Castle Monument (1921), At the End of the Day.

French, Daniel Chester (1850-1931)
French was a classical sculptor. His most famous pieces include The Minute Man, Senator Lewis Cass, the Lincoln Memorial, the Thomas Gallaudet Memorial, the bust of Ralph Waldo Emerson, Alma Mater on the Columbia University campus, Death and the Young Sculptor, the Milmore Memorial in Boston; and Mourning Victory, the Melvin Memorial in Concord, Massachusetts. French’s Woodlawn work comprises the angel sculpture at the Angie Kinsley Monument (1911).

Weinman, Adolph Alexander (1870-1952)
Weinman was born in Karlsruhe, Germany, and immigrated to the United States in 1880. His work includes the General Alexander Macomb monument in Detroit; the Maryland Union Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument in Baltimore; the Lincoln Memorial in Hodgenville, Kentucky; and the War Memorial at Forest Hills, New York. Weinman’s Woodlawn work comprises the sculpture Silence and Memory in the William B. Leeds Mausoleum (1910) and a marble relief for the Stewart Mausoleum (1914).

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Artists & Writers

Artists & Writers

Archipenko, Alexander (1887-1964)
Archipenko was born in Kiev, Russia, where he studied art before moving to Paris in 1909. Part of the cubist movement, his work is exhibited in many major museums.

Cullen, Countee (1903-1946)
Raised in Harlem by the Reverend Frederick Ashbury Cullen, Countee became a poet whose writings gained renown during the Harlem Renaissance. His works were published in literary magazines including The Crisis and Opportunity.

Fisher, Rudolph (1897-1934)
Although he was trained and worked as a physician, Fisher is best known as a fiction writer. He is considered one of the first African American authors to write detective novels, which include The Conjure Man Dies and Walls of Jericho.

Flagg, James Montgomery (1877-1960)
Born in Pelham Manor, New York, Flagg is best known for his World War I recruiting poster depicting Uncle Sam, “I Want You!”

Huntington, Anna Hyatt (1876-1973)
As a sculptor, Huntington produced large public works and is best known for equestrian monuments including the statue of Jose Marti in Central Park. With her husband, Archer, she established Brookgreen Gardens in South Carolina.

Leyendecker, J.C. (1874-1951)
A famous illustrator, Leyendecker is widely recognized for his covers of the Saturday Evening Post and the “Arrow Collar Man.”

Melville, Herman (1819-1891)
One of America’s greatest writers, Melville is best known as the author of the novel Moby Dick.

Nast, Thomas (1840-1902)
Nast was a cartoonist and illustrator who created what is typically considered the classic image of Santa Claus for Harper’s magazine in 1863. He was well known for his political cartoons and was responsible for the creation of the Republican elephant and Democrat donkey mascots.

Post, George (1837-1913)
Post received his formal training as a civil engineer and started his career as an architect under Richard Morris Hunt. Post designed the New York Stock Exchange Building and was a contributor to the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.

Whitney, Gertrude Vanderbilt (1875-1942)
Granddaughter of Cornelius Vanderbilt and the wife of Harry Payne Whitney, Gertrude was a sculptor who created many public works. She was also a collector of American art and the founder of the Whitney Museum in New York.

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Civic Leaders

Civic Leaders

Bunche, Ralph (1904-1971)
Bunche received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1950, the first African American so honored. He was involved in the formation of the United Nations and received the Medal of Freedom in 1963.

Catt, Carrie Chapman (1859-1947)
Catt was the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association and founded the League of Women Voters. Her campaign for women’s rights led to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1920.

Farragut, Admiral David Glasgow (1801-1870)
The hero of the Civil War battle of Mobile Bay, Farragut was the first full admiral of the United States Navy. He is remembered for the battle cry “Damn the torpedoes!”

Haffen, Louis F. (1854-1935)
Haffen, popularly known as the “father of the Bronx,” was the first New York City borough’s first president. He was the son of a German brewer and is credited for having the vision to develop the Grand Concourse.

Hughes, Charles Evans (1862-1948)
Hughes served as the thirty-sixth governor of New York, United States Secretary of State and Chief Justice of the United States. Hughes was the Republican candidate for president in 1916, losing the election to Woodrow Wilson.

Juilliard, Augustus (1836-1919)
Juilliard was a textile manufacturer who left his fortune to establish the Juilliard School, considered America’s preeminent school for music, theater and dance.

LaGuardia, Fiorello (1882-1947)
Nicknamed “the little flower” (the English translation of his first name), LaGuardia served as the mayor of New York during the Great Depression and World War II. New York’s airport is named in his honor.

McCullagh, Joseph (1845-1917)
McCullagh rose through the ranks of the New York City Police Department to become its first chief of police, overseeing all five boroughs. After serving a year in the position, he moved on to supervise security in Cuba following the Spanish American War.

Moses, Robert (1888-1981)
Known as New York’s “master builder,” Moses was responsible for the construction of many of the highways, bridges and parks that connect the five boroughs. He built expressways that accommodated increasing automobile traffic and developed the sites of the 1939 and 1964 World’s Fairs.

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady (1815-1902)
Stanton was a leading figure of the early women’s rights movement, conducting the first convention in Seneca Falls, New York, in 1848. She wrote many of Susan B. Anthony’s speeches, and her published articles served as the voice of the movement.

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Entrepreneurs

Entrepreneurs

Bache, Jules (1861-1944)
Bache began his career as a cashier in a brokerage house and went on to head one of the top firms in the United States. He was an avid collector of art, donating many renowned paintings to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Gould, Jay (1836-1892)
The term “robber baron” is often associated with Gould, a financier and railroad developer. He amassed an enormous fortune through aggressive stock trading and corporate acquisitions. Lyndhurst, his Gothic style mansion, overlooks the Hudson River in Tarrytown, New York.

Huntington, Collis Potter (1821-1900)
One of the “Big Four” of the Central Pacific Railroad, Huntington was a primary investor in the development of it as part of the country’s first transcontinental railroad. He was a great philanthropist—many schools, parks and institutions are named in his honor.

Macy, Rowland H. (1822-1877)
Macy, the founder of one of America’s best-known department stores, started with a chain of dry goods stores in Massachusetts. He later moved to New York and opened a store on Sixth Avenue and 14th Street, marking the start of a retail empire.

Penney, James Cash  (1875-1971)
Penney opened his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming, in 1902, calling it the Golden Rule to promote its fair treatment of customers. Eventually, his chain of successful stores became J.C. Penney (or Penney’s), now known as JCPenney. There are over 1100 locations in operation today.

Pulitzer, Joseph (1847-1911)
Best known in regard to the eponymous prize awarded for excellence in journalism, Pulitzer was a newspaper publisher who ran publications in New York and St. Louis. He was a major contributor to the New York Philharmonic and established the Columbia Journalism School.

Straus, Isidor (1845-1912)
The co-owner of Macy’s Department Store was one of the wealthy travelers who died when the RMS Titanic was lost at sea. Straus briefly served in the U.S. House of Representatives.

Walker, Madame C.J. (1867-1919)
Born in Louisiana, Walker was the child of former slaves who developed hair care and beauty products for African American women. She amassed a sizable fortune by training customers to use her products, eventually moving to New York, where she became known as America’s first female self-made millionaire.

Woolworth, F.W. (1852-1919)
The founder of the famous “five and dime” stores operated hundreds of retail outlets in America and Europe. In 1913, Woolworth commissioned the New York skyscraper that bears his name, once the tallest building in America.

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Great Entertainers

Great Entertainers

Berlin, Irving (1888-1989)
Emigrating from Russia as a boy with his family, Berlin took a job at sixteen as a singing waiter and began composing songs. One of America’s greatest songwriters, his compositions include “God Bless America,” “Alexander’s Rag Time Band,” “White Christmas,” “Puttin’ on the Ritz,” “Easter Parade,” and “There’s No Business Like Show Business.”

Castle, Irene (1893-1969) and Vernon (1887-1918)
During the Jazz Age, the Castles traveled the world demonstrating a new way to dance. The Fox Trot, Castle Walk and other syncopated dances became all the rage as they set the style for a new century. Orchestra leader James Reese Europe often provided the music for the famous dance team as they swirled to the tunes of W.C. Handy and other great composers.

Cohan, George M. (1875-1942)
Cohan started his career as a child in Vaudeville and went on to become a leader on the American musical comedy stage. He was a writer, composer, performer, producer and theater owner, eventually dubbed “the man who owned Broadway.” His songs included “You’re a Grand Old Flag,” “Over There,” “Yankee Doodle Dandy” and “Harrigan.”

Cruz, Celia (1920-2001)
The “Queen of Salsa” was born in Cuba, but left her native land in 1959 following its takeover by Fidel Castro. For over fifty years, Cruz performed with several celebrated bands. Her most enduring performances were with “El Maestro,” the legendary Tito Puente. The Grammy winning artist was also known for her flashy stage costumes, colorful wigs and signature line, “Azucaaar!”

Damrosch, Leopold (1833-1885)
Playing an influential role in the founding of the New York Philharmonic, Damrosch led the orchestra of the Metropolitan Opera House. He is also credited with bringing German opera to New York. Dr. Damrosch is at rest in a plot purchased by the Oratorio, Arion and the New York Symphony Society. In a public ceremony, the contributing organizations placed a statue of Minerva there designed by Helbig of Dresden.

Herbert, Victor (1859-1924)
Herbert was the most successful and acclaimed writer of light opera. His productions include Babes in Toyland, Kiss Me Again and Naughty Marietta. “March of the Toys” is among his most familiar melodies. He was one of the organizers of ASCAP, which he founded after hearing his music played in restaurants without receiving any royalties.

Herrmann, Alexander (1844-1896) and  Adelaide (1854-1932)
Billed as “Herrmann the Great,” Alexander became famous with the “Floating Boy” trick in his early years. He was not a mystical magician–through his humorous performances, he often debunked his own tricks. His wife was known as “The Queen of Magic,” and continued to tour as a lead act following her husband’s death.

Kreisler, Fritz (1875-1962)
Known as the “violinist’s violinist,” Kreisler began his career at age thirteen and was considered a child genius. He played to packed crowds all over the world and composed numerous works that received critical acclaim.

Mills, Florence (1895-1927)
The “Blackbird of Harlem” was considered the first black female star to win international acclaim. She was a dancer, singer and a major performer at the height of the Harlem Renaissance. Duke Ellington wrote his classic “Black Beauty” as a tribute to her.

Pappalardi, Felix (1942-1983)
Pappalardi began his career in rock music as the bassist for the group Mountain, best known for their hit “Mississippi Queen.” He later went on to produce the rock band Cream and co-wrote “Strange Brew” with Eric Clapton.

Taylor, Laurette (1884-1946)
As a teenager, Laurette Cooney made her stage debut in Vaudeville. After appearing in a number of J. Hartley Manners’s plays, she made theatrical history in Peg o’ My Heart, which Manners wrote for her as a betrothal present. She triumphed as Amanda Wingfield in the original production of The Glass Menagerie by Tennessee Williams.

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Jazz Musicians

Jazz Musicians

Davis, Miles (1926-1991)
An innovator in hard bop and fusion, Davis came to New York to study at the Juilliard School of Music. In 1959, he released the studio album Kind Of Blue, one of the greatest jazz recordings of all time.

Ellington, Duke (1899-1974)
Often considered “America’s greatest composer,” Ellington received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969. His career spanned more than fifty years, and included illustrious compositions such as “Satin Doll,” “Mood Indigo,” and “Solitude.”

Hampton, Lionel (1908-2002)
The “King of the Vibes” was a composer, bandleader and great philanthropist. His recording “Flying Home” is considered one of the most influential recordings in American musical history.

Handy, William Christopher “W.C.” (1873-1958)
The “Father of the Blues” was born in Florence, Alabama, and rose to fame when his songs were published and played across America. His signature song, “St. Louis Blues,” is inscribed on his grave. He is also known for writing “Beale Street Blues” and “Memphis Blues.”

Hawkins, Coleman (1904-1969)
Credited as the jazz pioneer that turned a comic tenor saxophone into a romantic horn, Hawkins played with the Fletcher Henderson orchestra when he first came to New York. The Missouri native is best remembered for his classic 1939 recording “Body and Soul.”

Jacquet, Jean Baptiste “Illinois” (1923-2004)
Jacquet created an entirely new style and sound for the tenor saxophone in the early 1940’s, elevating the instrument to a colorful and pre-eminent role in the world of jazz music. In 1942, at the age of nineteen, Jacquet was catapulted to immediate international fame with his classic solo on the very first recording of his career, “Flying Home.”

Jackson, Milt (1923-1999)
Jackson was one of the co-founders of the famous Modern Jazz Quartet, whose popularity he attributed to “an uncanny ability to take classical music and improvise on it, integrating it with jazz and pop.”

McLean, Jackie (1932-2006)
Born in New York, alto saxophone player McLean started out at a young age with many of the jazz greats including Miles Davis, Sonny Rollins and Art Blakey. He was recognized as a Jazz Master by the National Endowment of the Arts and was the founder of the Jackie McLean Institute of Jazz at the University of Hartford.

Oliver, Joseph “King” (1885-1938)
The leader of King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band served as a mentor to Louis Armstrong and is credited with giving the young musician his first coronet. A New Orleans native, Oliver recorded duets with pianist Jelly Roll Morton and is considered one of early pioneers of jazz music.

Roach, Maxwell Lamuel “Max” (1924-2007)
Drummer, percussionist and composer, Roach was considered one of the most important influencers on jazz. He performed with Dizzy Gillespie, Charlie Parker, Charles Mingus and Clifford Brown. Roach was an activist in the civil rights movement.

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General Inquiries

We are here to help. Our concierge staff can contact you
immediately to answer questions, arrange a visit, and provide
options to you and your family. How can we help you?

 
 

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